Merging poetry, drawing, and painting Jean-Michel Basquiat created vibrant canvases that acted like social commentary. Concerned with “race, identity and masculinity” he blended hip-hop aesthetics with iconography borrowed from ancient Egyptian mythology and references to TV and film with anti-capitalist sentiments to craft his own distinctive style.

Basquiat’s emotively raw work, tragically short life and lasting impact on the art world and market, has made him the subject of much fascination, and many blockbuster exhibitions and books have documented his success, practice and meteoric ascent to fame. However recent discoveries and a ground breaking exhibition currently on display in Paris have opened up a previously unseen side to the artist, who many saw as disastrously “cannibalized” by the New York art scene.

Left: Jean-Michel Basquiat, Untitled, 1981. Right: Jean-Michel Basquiat, Horn Players, 1983. Both images: © Douglas M. Parker, Los Angeles. Licensed by Artestar, New York. Both Courtesy of The Estate of Jean-Michel Basquiat

When a client in possession of a 1981 Basquiat Untitled painting approached art conservator Emily MacDonald-Korth a few weeks ago, both were shocked by what MacDonald-Korth found. During an inspection to check the painting’s age using a UV flashlight, she discovered a completely new layer to the work which was invisible to the naked eye. Downward arrows drawn in black light crayon emerged in places previously assumed to be random open space. Speaking to Artnet News MacDonald-Korth said: “I’ve never seen anything like it. He basically did a totally secret part of this painting.”

Hidden messages have long been known to be an element of Basquiat’s paintings, which often can be understood like visual puzzles, but this is perhaps the first time they have been so covert. MacDonald-Korth claims, “It really relates to his use of erasure.” The art conservator is now encouraging anyone who owns a Basquiat to expose it to a UV flashlight to help us to learn more about Basquiat’s use of the technique and mysterious symbols.

Jean Michel-Basquiat, Grillo, 1984. Image: © Fondation Louis Vuitton. Licensed by Artestar, New York. Courtesy of The Estate of Jean-Michel Basquiat

An exhibition on display at Fondation Louis Vuitton in Paris until January 21 also reveals a perhaps lesser-known tenet of Basquiat’s rich oeuvre. Bringing together over 120 works, many of which are from private collections and are rarely on view to the public, the show “explores the significance of words, lines, collages and assemblages and demonstrates the contemporary meaning and relevance of Basquiat’s work”. It was curated by Dieter Buchhart, who is often labelled as the world’s leading Jean-Michel Basquiat expert, and is the most extensively sourced and researched exhibition of Basquiat’s work that has ever been staged. It is also unlikely that a show of its scale will ever be seen again.

Left: Jean-Michel Basquiat, Irony of a Negro Policeman, 1981. Licensed by Artestar, New York. Courtesy of AMA Collection and The Estate of Jean-Michel Basquiat. Right: Jean-Michel Basquiat, In Italian, 1983. Image: © Robert McGeever. Licensed by Artestar, New York. Courtesy of The Brant Foundation and The Estate of Jean-Michel Basquiat

Since 2002, Basquiat’s auction high has increased at least tenfold and in 2016 he became the highest-grossing American artist at auction, generating $171.5 million from 80 works. In May 2017, his Untitled skull painting sold at Sotheby’s for $110.5 million, making it the most expensive work of art ever sold at auction by an American. Such staggering prices for his paintings means that the estimated total value of the works in the Fondation Louis Vuitton exhibition is an astounding $2 billion, and that only massively well-endowed museums would be able to cover the insurance and shipping costs of such a show.

During Basquiat’s lifetime, many institutions were dismissive of his work meaning that the bulk of his oeuvre is in private collections. Fondation Louis Vuitton, however, has amassed an impressive selection and the Fondation’s president Bernard Arnault has collected Basquiat for decades. Notable pieces displayed at the Fondation Louis Vuitton include the Heads series from 1981-82 and Obnoxious Liberals, In Italian and Riding with Death which have never been exhibited before in Europe. Equally revealed is Basquiat’s collaborative efforts and poignant creative partnership with Andy Warhol and the role conceptual art played in his practice, as he “threaded the context of where he came from into the narrative of his life’s work.”

Jean-Michel Basquiat is on display at Fondation Louis Vuitton, Paris until January 21, 2019.